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In PYP Inquiry requires intention

Sept. 24, 2019

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PYP学段——有目的的探究性学习 总结:当你提出问题的时候,不要害怕犯错

在国际文凭课程(IB)和ISNS的教育中,探究是推动教学和学习不断前进的背后驱动力。探究性学习的理念是建立在坚实的教育理论基础之上的,最明显体现出来的是建构主义理论。建构主义理论认为,当孩子们把他们以往的知识和经验联系起来形成新的理解时,他们学得最好。

在课堂上,探究以多种形式和阶段进行。在ISNS,我们使用Kath Murdoch的探究周期表来构建一个更加连贯和明确的学习方法。在探究型课堂中,我们强调学生主动积极地参与其中去理解学习。老师们利用探究周期表的各个阶段(导入、探究、整理、深入探究、得出结论、实践应用)提供给学生特定的语言描述,帮助他们表达自己在学习过程中的具体阶段。

认识这点很重要,探究性学习是建立在事实信息和知识基础上的一种结构化方法,即便看起来不像这么回事。在ISNS,我们为老师们提供专业的培训和IB专业发展。IB组织通过提供持续的评估和支持,确保我们有效地实施PYP项目和探究性教学。虽然探究性学习看起来像是一个复杂的概念,我们的学生却能够简洁地解释它。当我们PYP五年级的学生被问及如何描述探究时,他们是这样回答的:

“探究要求提问深刻,有意义的问题。”

“成为探究型学习者需要一颗好奇心。”

“当你提出问题的时候,不要害怕犯错。”

“探究是把新知识和以往的知识联系起来。”

保持学术卓越是ISNS的共同愿景,我们希望所有的ISNS社区成员都能参与进来和我们一同努力。通过为我们的学生和孩子树立探究型学习者的榜样,和他们一起成长,帮助他们成为终身学习者和具有全球意识的公民。行动起来吧,还等什么呢?成为一名探究型学习者吧!

Inquiry is the driving force behind teaching and learning in the International Baccalaureate (IB) Programme and at ISNS. The philosophy surrounding inquiry-based learning is built upon solid foundations of educational theory, most clearly identified in the constructivist approach. Constructivism relies on the premise that children learn best when they create connections to their prior knowledge and experiences to form new understandings.

In the classroom, inquiry happens in many forms and stages. At ISNS we use Kath Murdoch’s Inquiry Cycle to frame inquiry into a more coherent and explicit approach. In an inquiry rich classroom, students are actively involved in understanding their own learning. Teachers use the stages of the inquiry cycle (Tuning in, Finding out, Sorting out, Going further, Making conclusion, Taking action) to provide students a specific language with which they are able to express where they are in their individual process of learning.

It is important to understand that while it may seem otherwise, inquiry requires a structured approach built upon facts and knowledge. At ISNS, we provide teachers with excellent training and official professional development provided by the IB. The IB organization ensures that we are effectively implementing the PYP and inquiry by providing ongoing evaluation and support. Even though inquiry may seem like a complex concept to grasp, our students are able to explain it quite succinctly. When some of our grade five PYP students were asked how they would describe inquiry, this is how they responded:

  • “Inquiry is asking deep, meaningful questions” 
  • “You have to be curious to be an inquirer”  
  • “When you inquire, you can’t be afraid to make mistakes”
  • “Inquiry is connecting your learning to other things you already know”

It is our goal to engage all of our ISNS community members in our shared vision of maintaining academic excellence. By modeling inquiry for our students and children, we can help continue growing together as lifelong learners and globally minded citizens. So go on, what are you waiting for? Be an inquirer!

Inquiry involves everyone! It's a group of people, young and old, who are passionate about learning and who want to share their findings with each other. It's a way of thinking that encourages people to be thoughtful and solution-oriented, all with one main goal in mind: to make the world a better place!

Yaśodā Deva